What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes refers to a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal range. When your body fails to make or effectively use its insulin, a hormone made by special cells in the pancreas called islets, diabetes occurs. Insulin is very important in the process of opening your cells, which allows the glucose from the food to come in, in which way, your body can transform the sugar into energy.

Commonly, we talk about diabetes, it refers to Type 1 and Type 2, but actually, there are other types, for example gestational diabetes, which happens during pregnancy, as well as other forms.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. About 1/10 of people have diabetes type 1 which usually develops in children and teenagers. But we should know actually all ages can develop type 1 diabetes. Patients with type 1 diabetes, whose immune system assault the insulin-generating islet cells in the pancreas. Therefore, the islet cells sense glucose in the blood and produce the right amount of insulin to normalize blood sugars.

When the insulin-generating cells are damaged, a people can not produce their own insulin any more. As a result, there is no key to open your cells and sugar builds up in the blood and the body cells feel hungry. Without a good control, high blood sugar level will damage other organs, such as kidneys, heart, eyes, nerve etc.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1, which is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can develop at any age. But, it happens more often in middle-aged and older people.

People with type 2 diabetes are able to produce some of their own insulin, but not enough. And sometimes, the insulin will try to serve as the “key” to open the body’s cells, to allow the glucose to enter. But the key fails to work. This is called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is very common to occur in people who are overweight with a sedentary lifestyle.

What Are The Symptoms of Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2

Diabetes are common diseases in the whole world, the figure represents between 27.9~32.7 percent of the population. To reduce the risk of development of diabetes, it is significant to notice the symptoms of diabetes.

What is the symptoms of diabetes type 1?

If you have diabetes type 1, you may have one or more symptoms as follows:

•Blurred vision

•Itchy skin

•Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain

•Increased thirst

•Rapid and unexplained weight loss

•Extreme weakness or fatigue

•Unpleasant breath odor

•Unusual irritability

•Increased urination

•Extreme hunger

What is the symptoms of diabetes type 2?

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes is very similar to diabetes type 1, but type 2 diabetes develops slower than type 1, which is even less obvious. This is why people with diabetes type 2 usually found themselves with the diseases too late to prevent. When symptoms comes, such as tiredness, nausea, abdominal pain, they sometimes mistakenly think the causes are other conditions, such as overworking or bad weather.

Food to Eat for People with Diabetes

Nutrition plays an significant role in delaying the development of diabetes. Following a healthy diet management can help control your blood sugar level stable. And to manage the diet, you should know what food are suggested and what are forbidden.

For many diabetes patients, they feel upset, because many foods cannot be put in their dining-stable anymore. But the good news is that you can insist your favorite foods, one the condition that you should keep the quantity in control.

The following foods can be taken for patients with diabetes.

Fruits: orange, grape, banana, apple, berries and melon.

Vegetables: greens, peppers, tomatoes, carrots, broccoli, corn, green grapes.

Dairy: you are suggested with nonfat or low fat diary foods, include yogurt, cheese, milk or lactose.

Grains, whole grains will be a good choice, such as wheat, rice, oat, quinoa, barley.

Protein: fish, egg, chicken, lean meat, nuts and peanuts, dries beans, meat substitutes, such as tofu.

Fat: heart-healthy fats will be suggested, include avocado, nuts and seeds, salmon, tuna, mackerel and olive oil .

An Overview of Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

For people with diabetes type 1, the body’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas. The islet cells sense glucose in the blood and produce the right amount of insulin to normalize blood sugars. As a result, the sugar stay in the blood, which increase the blood sugar level.

Therefore, taking insulin injections or using an insulin pump or other device are common treatment for people with diabetes type 1. however, the amount of taking insulin should be as precise as possible, which will be based on the follow elements, stress, food, exercise and emotions, as well as general health.

If you take not enough insulin, the sugar will stay in your blood, leading to high blood level ,which may be dangerous to your health. In long term, taking too little insulin will damage your eyes, kidneys, heart, nerves etc.

However, if you take too much insulin, your blood sugar level may drop in a very short time, which is known as hypoglycemia.

Nowadays, more and more devices can help patients with diabetes to count the doge of insulin to take, with the computerized devices, which offers people with diabetes a better medical care.