You are born with two kidneys which are bean-shaped organs, and both of them are as large as your fist. Kidneys work to clean blood, filter wastes and toxins out of blood and generate urine, as well as regulate the blood pressure levels. It also secrets renin, hemopoietin, active vitamin D3 etc. It is these functions supported by kidneys which keep a balance of water and minerals and boost metabolism. If you are diagnosed with kidney disease, it means your kidneys are damaged.Types of Kidney Disease
Renal diseases have two types, namely, acute kidney disease and chronic kidney disease. If your kidneys fails to work abruptly, doctors say it acute kidney disease. If your kidneys fail to work normally over 3 months, you will be diagnosed with chronic kidney disease.Causes of Kidney Disease
The main causes of acute kidney disease include lack of blood flow to kidneys, direct injury to kidneys and urine backing up to kidneys. people with serious liver, heart or immune diseases get acute kidney disease in most cases.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the top 2 causes for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). More than 60% CKD cases are caused by the two conditions. Other causes followed diabetes and high blood pressure, include inherited diseases(such as polycystic kidney disease), malfromations, glomerulonephritis, immune diseases, repeated urinary infections and obstructions.Symptoms and Complications
patient may have no obvious symptoms at the early stage, unless renal disease develops into middle or end stage. But, as kidney disease progress step by step, you may find signs as follows:
-loss of energy
-nausea, vomiting, poor appetite
-dry, itchy skin
-urinating more often
- muscle cramps
-foam in your urine
-swellings in feet, ankles or even around eyes
-decreased mental sharpness
-high blood pressureTreatment of Kidney Disease
If you have kidney disease, your doctor will find out the underlying causes. For example, if you are a patient with diabetes, it can lead to kidney disease without a good control. Treatment for kidney disease aims to slow down the development of kidney damage, usually by controlling the underlying cause. The goal is to help your kidneys can still work enough to filter out the toxins and waste products by urination.
You may be suggested to take medicine or Traditional Chinese Medicine to achieve the treatment goal. If chronic kidney disease progress to kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplant would help. In addition, diet management is beneficial for slowing down the progression of kidney disease.prevention of Kidney Disease
To decrease the risk of getting renal disease, you are suggested to
-keep your diabetes or high blood pressure under control. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the leading causes for kidney disease. If either of the disease progress without control, it will cause damages on your kidneys.
-get tested regularly. If you are at risk of kidney disease, you are suggested to get tests regularly to see how well your kidneys work. You should notice that tests cannot prevent kidney disease, but it can help you to find kidney damages in time.
-stop smoking. Cigarette smoking will progress the damages on your kidneys. If you are a smoker, you are suggested to quit smocking. If it is a tough work for you, you can ask help from your doctor.