What Signs dose Kidney Failure Have
Date :2020-01-13 Click :
What is kidney failure?
Kidney failure is one pathological state when kidney function lost partly or completely with the disease development. It can be divided into acute kidney failure and chronic kidney failure.
Acute kidney failure progress rapidly which can be caused by some acute factors like ① trauma or burning ② kidney function declines due to vascular obstruction ③ or kidneys are damaged by some poison.
For Chronic kidney failure, it is often caused by long time of renal diseases and renal function decrease gradually with development of disease. It can last 10- over 10 years from attack to renal insufficiency.
The clinical symptoms of kidney failure
Usually it has no obvious signs besides azotemia stage, only some common symptoms. When kidney function can’t provide your basic body need, some features will come out like water build up, waste stay, electrolyte and acid-base balance, even other organs’ abnormality.
You can also check your urine to see renal function.
1、Oliguria stage: You are at the most seriously condition when your internal environment is disordered. It will bring less urine(<400ml/per day) or no urine(<100ml/per day), low specific gravity urine (1.010 ～ 1.020), high urinary sodium, hematuria, proteinuria, and cast urine. In severe cases, water poisoning, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and azotemia can occur. This period lasts from a few days to several weeks, and the longer the duration, the worse the prognosis.
2. Polyuria phase: The urine volume gradually increases after the oliguria phase. When the daily urine volume exceeds 500 ml, you will enter the polyuria phase. Since then, the urine output increase day by day. The highest urine output is 3000 to 6000 ml per day, and can even reach more than 10,000 ml. At the beginning of the polyuria phase, although urine output increased, renal clearance was still low, and the accumulation of metabolites in the body still existed. After about 4 to 5 days, the serum urea nitrogen and creatinine gradually decrease with the increase of urine volume, and the symptoms of uremia are improved. This period lasts 1 to 2 weeks.
3. Recovery period: The urine output gradually returns to normal, and renal function gradually recovers from 3 to 12 months. Most patients can return to normal levels of renal function, and only a few patients turn into chronic renal failure.
Due to different patient’s condition, you may suffer other symptoms that we don’t mention. So if you have any confusion, you can whatsapp us by 008615230829917.